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D-flight provides the accredited user with a set of products aimed at the safe use of UAS vehicles and fleets within the various operating scenarios. The set of services is designed to guarantee the user levels of automation and ease of use in accordance with the typical characteristics of the UAS sector.

Visitors accessing the portal of d-flight can freely consult the information collected within the different sections of the site and read up on the flight of UAS, their use, standard scenarios and applicable rules. Moreover, d-flight provides the following free services to the public:

  • Map visualization to identify accessible zones
  • Weather Service (work in progress)

Registering at the UTM service the d-flight services, the user is able to access the following services, depending on the subscription:

Many other services will be progressively made available to registered users, in line with the roadmap of  (https://www.sesarju.eu/U-space)

1.Maps

With the maps of this version of d-flight, the process of geo-referenced representation of the "Air Rules" applicable in Italy to support geo-awarness continues, based on the current legislation issued by ENAC portal, in particular the SAPR Regulation and ATM-09 Circular, for the professional and recreational use of remotely piloted vehicles. On d-flight a summary thematic map is now available which indicates the air rules for air space below 120 meters, in relation to the following elements:

Cartographic Elements Data Source Status on
d-flight december 2020
Visible / Deactivable for PRO User
Airports and civil heliports (IFR e VFR) AIP ITALIA AD.2 ON
Military airports for civil use CIRCULAR ATM09 annex f ON
eliavioidro authorized surfaces DB ENAC ON
ATZ e CTR, where established AIP ITALIA AD.2 ON
Military airports AMI data processed in attachment A ON
Regulated AirSpace for the activities of:
Skydiver launch ;
Acrobatic Flight;
Aeroclub and aerial work;
Sports Recreational Flight.
AIP ITALIA:
ENR 5.5.1 (AIRAC 10/09/20 cycle),
ENR 5.5.2 (AIRAC 10/09/20 cycle),
ENR 5.5.3 (AIRAC 10/09/20 cycle),
ENR 5.5.4 (AIRAC 10/09/20 cycle)
ON
Prohibited areas (P) AIP ITALIA ENR 5.1.1 ON
Regulated areas ( R) AIP ITALIA ENR 5.1.2 ON
Dangerous areas (D) AIP ITALIA ENR 5.1.3 ON
Military firing ranges AIP ITALIA ENR 5.2.1 ON
Dedicated areas to military APR AIP ITALIA ENR 5.2.2.5 ON
Low-altitude military activity areas AIP ITALIA ENR 5.2.2.6 ON
Dedicated areas AMI ENR 5.2.2.6.3 (MIL AIP) data ON
Natural parks and areas subject to wildlife protection AIP ITALIA ENR 5.6.1 ON
ATM-09 D-flight processing of the circular starting from the above data ON V/D
Natural parks and areas subject to wildlife protection - integrative layer National Cartographic Portal ON V
Census layer ISTAT 2011 census data ON V/D
Ground use layer CORINE Land Cover 2018 ON V/D

How to consult the Air Rules

Depending on the position of the cursor on the map, clicking with the right button of the mouse (or tapping on the screen on the interested point and selecting the icon info (i) on mobile devices) the information concerning the overlying air space will appear. In case of overlapping of different rules, the most restrictive is applied. Pop-up appears by clicking on the map with the mouse and it states:

  • Maximum height allowed
  • Air rule, specific for the selected point
  • In Interested Areas the identification data are shown to facilitate the User in the eventual request for authorization to fly on that specific area. Below is the navigable list of all the other areas that are intersected by the selected point that can be used for detailed analysis by expert users.

Regulatory sources

d-flight user is required to know the basic regulatory documents, such as:

  • Regulation (UE) n. 923/2012 (SERA);
  • ENAC Regulation “Mezzi Aerei a Pilotaggio Remoto”;
  • ENAC Regulation “Regole dell’Aria Italia” (RAIT);
  • ENAC Regulation “Servizi di Traffico Aereo”.

The entire list of sources can be consulted on the ENAC website at the link https://www.enac.gov.it/sicurezza-aerea/droni/normativa-droni

It is also good practice to consult the documents published by ENAV in AIP Italia, where you can access for free after a simple registration. In fact, the current version of the Flight Maps does not yet report in a timely manner (ie in the active pop-up by clicking on the map), the calendar indications (times and days ) that in some cases allow the flight, as for example specified in ENR 5.6.1 "Natural parks and areas subject to wildlife protection". To know these details, for now it is necessary to consult the specific ENR document of reference. To access the AIP cartography it is necessary to consult the site ENAV at the address https://www.enav.it/sites/private/it/ServiziOnline/AIP.html

Ban on flying over gatherings:

Flying over gathered people for processions, sporting events or inherent forms of entertainment or in any case areas where unusual concentrations of people occur is prohibited. The aforementioned rule also applies to operations conducted in enclosed spaces.

Before using a drone it is important to inform yourself and understand the current civil aviation regulations, even if the flight is for recreational purposes. It is the responsibility of the operator to ensure that flight takes place safely and in compliance with regulations. Careful observation of the context in which it is intended to fly and the exact knowledge of meteorological and geomagnetic conditions, ensures that the use of the drone does not constitute a danger for oneself and others. d-flight assumes no responsibility with regard to non-compliance with applicable laws and improper use of drones.

2. Maps and Layers for PRO Users

On d-flight, in addition to Maps which are accessible to all registered users, the following maps and added value layers are instead available to PRO users only:

 Maps 

  • 'Aerial' - This map shows orthophotos: geometrically correct and geo-referenced aerial photographs, so that the scale of representation of the photograph is uniform. The map can be considered equivalent to a geographical map
  • 'Road' - This map that displays vectorial images of roads, buildings and geography in a graphic manner. The map can be considered equivalent to a political map.
  • 'Aerial Street' - This Aerial map highlights streets and main landmarks for easy identification of places through satellite images (in addition to the openstreetmap, already available on d-flight)
  •   'Dark' - Map optimized for night viewing

'Aerial', 'Road', 'Aerial Street', 'Dark' Maps include Google Bing data (the data from which the default road map is rendered is licensed by Navteq) and will allow PRO Operators to analyze in more detail the area of ​​operations.

Activation

To activate Maps, open the Map Selection Panel [Pic. 1] and click on the desired Map.

PICTURE 1

Layers

  •   'Land use' - includes information relating to the environment on some priority issues for the European Union (air, water, soil, land cover, coastal erosion, biotopes, etc.)
  •  'Census' - includes information on the number of inhabitants by census section

The 'Land use' layer includes data provided by the CORINE 2018 project (a European program launched in 1985 by the European Commission) and will allow PRO Operators to carry out a preliminary analysis of the ground risk for the preparation of the SORA.

The 'Census' layer includes the ISTAT data from the 2011 census and will allow PRO Operators to carry out a preliminary analysis of the ground risk for the preparation of the SORA

To activate the Land Use and Census layers, click on the 'Show Layers' button and select the 'Soil' and / or 'Census' layer [Fig. 2]. NB. The 'Land Use' and 'Census' layers are visible when the zoom is equal to or greater than 1: 20,000 (Land Use) or 1: 50,000 (Census)

PICTURE 2

For the tutorial on the use of Maps and Layers for PRO users, see the video.

3. Registration

The registration procedure allows users interested in the use of drones to be accredited on the d-flight portal for access to services reserved for both recreational and professional operators. The registration procedure takes place by checking the main email linked to the user's profile. The users accredited on the portal will be able to access other services, already available or that will be progressively released in the coming months.

Account management includes:

  • Visualization and interrogation of the Aeronautical Maps with the regulated areas for the drones flight
  • Display and query of temporary airspace reserves
  • Navigating the map with usual WebGIS tools
  • Creation, modification and cancellation of temporary airspace reserves. This service is reserved for users with particular "authority" credentials; this service allows the authorities to graphically identify temporarily reserved areas (No Fly Zone) in which the use of drones for recreational or professional use is temporarily forbidden. In these areas, however, drones may be used for public utility services, emergency management or civil protection interventions.
  • Profile management: Authenticated users are able to easily manage their personal information and flight qualification, qualifications and licenses, in order to place their skills within a "Virtual Curriculum"
  • Fleet management: Users can modify the data associated with their drones, with the exception of intrinsic features such as: brand, model, serial number and configuration. The operator may also make a drone available to another user (temporary assignment)
  • QR Code Release: The use of the SAPRs in critical and non-critical operations requires, as a general requirement, the identification of the aircraft and the ground station by means of a special plate, showing the identification data of the system, of the operator and of the owner (if distinct from the operator).
    During the registration, the UTM system will generate the above-mentioned plate in the form of a QR-code which the user must print and fix to the SAPR before making any type of flight, in compliance with the ENAC Regulation (cf. Regulations)

4. Registration for PA

In case of registration as a "Public Administration":

  • methods of payment for the services, in addition to credit cards, include bank transfers (IBAN: D-Flight Spa, Banca Intesa SanPaolo IT77W0306903390100000002200);
  • invoice will be issued in "split payment" mode.

The following e-mail box is also active supportopa@d-flight.it dedicated to Public Administration is also active for:

  • issue of a quote / quote order, invoice in advance of the transfer, or any supporting documentation (e.g. internal order, DURC, traceability of financial flows, etc.);

N.B. Support requests addressed by the user to said mailbox, unless related to the P.A. will not be considered, in such cases, please contact d-flight through the form available at this link

5. Identification

 

The service allows the authority or the private citizen to know some data concerning the vehicle, its operator and its owner, through the d-flight platform. For private citizens, reading a QR-Code, through the reader on d-flight platform, gives access to the information of validity (or not) of the code. While reading the code through a common reader, gives back the license number of the RPA and a link that can be pasted in the web-app to have info on the validity of the code.

For authorities, reading a QR-Code will give access to the information related to the vehicle, its use and the relevant data of the operator and the owner (if different from the operator). In any case, the privacy of d-flight users is protected, in compliance with current regulations.

6. QR-Code

The QR-Code is a unique ID code, which associates the operator ID code with the license plate of the RPAS. The QR code has to be applied on the RPAS before its usage.

As per Art. 8 of ENAC Regulation, within the deadlines defined in Art. 37 and reported below, it is mandatory to apply the QR-Code to a RPAS for:

  • Operators of RPA used for professional purpose, independently by the RPA weight, starting from the 1st of March 2020
  • Operators/Owners of RPA used for recreational purpose and whose weight is equal or higher than 250g, starting from the 1st of July 2020

To obtain and activate the QR-Code, you must be registered as an operator on the d-flight portal. The following are the steps to take:
First you need to register on the d-flight portal.

Once the registration procedure has been completed, it is possible to upgrade to operator user on the d-flight portal, as reported in the user manual - section 1.5.4. available HERE.

You can then proceed with the purchase of the QR-code on the d-flight portal, according to the tariff scheme shown in this section. The rates are determined under the supervision and approval of ENAC.

Finally, you can activate the QR-Code on your SAPR, as reported in the user manual - section 1.7.4. available HERE

7. Declaration

As per Art. 10 and Art. 11 of the Regulation (cfr. Regulations) the Declaration of the mission is done by the RPAS Operator to ENAC in order to perform critical mission according to the standard scenarios defined by ENAC (cfr. Standard Scenarios)

The declaration can be done only if:

  • The payment of the required fee has been done to ENAC, on ENAC website, according to https://www.enac.gov.it/sicurezza-aerea/droni/fatturazione-droni
  • The upgrade as RPAS operator has been done
  • The annual fee for the usage of RPAS for Professional Purpose has been done
  • A QR-Code for Profession use has been activated
  • In the section "Account Detail" - all necessary information have been filled-up and all agreements have been flagged
  • In the 'Drone management' section - have at least one drone with QR-Code for SAPR in professional 'ready to fly' status, have flagged 'This drone is harmless'
  • Enter the required data on the entry page of the Declaration on the d-flight web-app

For authorities, reading a QR-Code will give access to the information related to the vehicle, its use and the relevant data of the operator and the owner (if different from the operator). In any case, the privacy of d-flight users is protected, in compliance with current regulations.

8. Drone Operation Area

 

The Drone Operation Area service for VLOS missions has a double meaning:

  • allows the Operator to quickly check the compatibility between a flight area VLOS with limitations in the use of airspace
  • makes available the "missions" in progress, displayed anonymously on the map of the d-flight portal, to all accredited users.

The service is not mandatory, but it constitutes an important contribution to situation awareness regarding the flight area in which the user is interested, allowing him to find out if there are already active VLOS missions at the same time and in the same space.

All Operators in possession of an active QR Code associated with a drone in a 'ready to fly' status can access the Drone Operation Area creation and activation service.

Through the service it is possible to:

  • create the Drone Operation Area in advance and save it, and then activate it at the time of flight;

or

  • create and activate the Drone Operation Area directly on the mission site.

To activate the Drone Operation Area , it is necessary:

  1. activate geo-location on the device used (PC or smart-phone) and share the position with the browser;
  2. be fisically located within the >Drone Operation Area>;
  3. click on ‘activate’ in the Drone Operation Area menu.

Only upon activation, the Drone Operation Area will become visible on the map to all dflight users logged into the portal.

Only one Drone Operation Area can be active or saved at a time.

In detail, with this service the Operator draws on the map the area where he will want to carry out his VLOS mission . The mission can only be saved (and activated) if it respects the limitations in the use of airspace present in the area concerned.

The display by other users will be anonymous, as the system will not present any data concerning the user (including drone) who planned and activated the mission. The system will not display the exact position of the drone within the Drone Operation Area , and no alarm will be generated regarding the failure to respect the planned parameters. It will be the pilot's obligation to remain in the planned area, comply with and comply with the flight rules applied to the area of ​​interest.

At the end of the mission, the Operator will have to click "end" in the Drone Operation Area panel, and the area will no longer be visible to other users. If this is not done, the system will remove this area automatically after a time-out time from the start.

 

For the tutorial about the usage of the Drone Operation Area, see the video

9. Mobile app

 

D-flight Mobile App allows you to view the d-flight platform on Mobile, allowing access to the following services in particular:

10. Drone Operation Plan

 

The "Drone Operation Plan" (DOP) service allows PRO operators to quickly plan and verify the compatibility between a non-critical VLOS flight area, a critical one in standard scenarios, a critical one with harmless vehicle or critical BVLOS PDRA and

  • the constraints of ATM09 and NFZ,
  • other users' missions
  • characteristics of drone selected for the mission
  • documentation accompanying the mission

At the same time, through this service, the panorama of ongoing missions will be available on the map of the d-flight portal, in fact with a view to situation awareness:

  • logged in users will always be able to know the missions in progress, in pseudo-anonymous form (operator ID and pilot ID)
  • BASE and PRO users, through a layer that can be activated / deactivated (ie not fixed on the map), will be able to view the picture of the BVLOS PDRA missions planned in the next 24 hours.

We remind you that to view the active missions on the map and also those planned on the dedicated layer, you must have a zoom equal to or greater than 1: 25000.

You can find more details on missions in the User Manual, chapter 2 - available at this link.

 
The service is mandatory only for operators who want to carry out BLOS PDRA operations. In particular, as indicated in the ENAC guideline,

After obtaining the authorization from ENAC for operations in line with the published PDRAs, the operator must:

  • Upload the authorization obtained on the d-flight platform, in the 'Account Details' section
  • Starting 4 days before the operation and up to a maximum of 24 hours before the operation itself, access the Drone Operation Plan Service to compile and save the UAS operation plan of the specific work session (maximum duration of the operation 4 hours)
  • Submit the plan of operations in order to verify the absence of overlap with other BVLOS operations. The results of the verification of the absence or presence of overlaps will be communicated in real time by e-mail, by sending an e-mail to the address used for registration on d-flight. In case of overlap with other previously submitted BVLOS operations, it will be necessary to change the date / time of your operation, save it and resubmit it. We remind users that even for the mission change, the time constraints related to the insertion of the flight plan still remain to be respected: starting from 4 days before the operation and up to a maximum of 24 hours before the start of the operation itself.

The detailed instructions for accessing the Service, completing and submitting the plan are given in Chapter 2 of the User Manual HERE

11. Tracking_v0 e Tracking_v1

The "Tracking - V0" serviceallows the user to share his/her position with d-flight. The position will be shared on the map, in pseudo-anonymous form (the license plate of the drone will be shown for the traces relating to the Drone Operation Plan, the user ID for the traces relating to the Drone Operation Area), with all other users logged in to the portal in relation to the area of ​​interest, with a view to situation awareness.

In particular, Italy has been divided into different areas, which characterize it in geographical cells. System users geo-located in the same cell or geographic area, who view maps with a zoom equal to or greater than 1: 25000, will be able to view the tracks of other d-flight users.

The position will be accompanied by the following information:

  • drone license plate or User ID
  • position

The tracks will be shown in green, red, orange or gray, depending on the "status" with respect to the planned mission:

  • green track: no anomalies
  • red track: the position is within a no-fly area (i.e. NFZ / ATM09)
  • orange track: the position is outside the planned area
  • gray track: data transmission error

In order to activate the “Tracking – V0” service, the user has to accept to share the position from its device and when it is time to start the planned mission or DOA, the user has to access the DOP or DOA service from laptop, Mobile or Mobile App and start the mission by clicking on "Start" .

The Tracking_v0 service will then be interrupted upon completion of the mission or upon exceeding the mission end date / time.

The "Tracking - V1" service, allows the user to share the position of their drone with d-flight. The position will be shared on the map, in pseudo-anonymous form (the license plate of the drone will be shown for the traces relating to the Drone Operation Plan, the user ID for the traces relating to the Drone Operation Area), with all other users logged in to the portal in relation to the area of ​​interest, with a view to situation awareness.

In particular, Italy has been divided into different areas, which characterize it in geographical cells. System users geo-localized in the same cell or geographical area, who view maps with a zoom equal to or greater than 1: 25000, will be able to view the tracks of other d-flight users, and the position of the drones in flight.

The position will be accompanied by the following information:

  • drone license plate or User ID
  • coordinates (Lat / Lon) of the drone's position
  • Mission Status
  • Duration of Mission
  • Start / End date
  • Quote

The drone tracks will be shown in addition to the pilot's position (fixed) joined by a line that qualitatively shows the distance between the two and allows you to recognize the position of the pilot associated with the operation.

The drone track is represented by a dashed line and is also highlighted with the following colors green, red, orange or gray, depending on the "status" of the planned mission:

  • green track: no anomalies
  • red track: the position is within a no-fly area (i.e. NFZ / ATM09)
  • orange track: the position is outside the planned area
  • gray track: data transmission error

To activate the "Tracking - V1" service, or to send the position, it is necessary

  • equip your drone with a device capable of sending all the necessary information to d-flight in the exact format (as described in the interface document available at this link)
  • or equip your GCS with an application capable of sending all the necessary information to d-flight in the exact format (as described in the interface document available at this link)

and accept the sending of the position by your device, if you also want to share the position of the pilot (tracking V0) at the date and time scheduled for the mission, access the "Drone Operation Plan" or "Drone Operation Area" service from a laptop or Mobile or Mobile App and start the mission (by clicking on Start) by selecting the start option with tracking.

The Tracking service on the pilot position will then be interrupted upon completion of the mission, by selecting the option to deactivate the service or on log-out from the platform. The drone position tracking service must be interrupted by the device (drone or GCS) that sends the messages at the end of the mission.

12. GNSS RT Monitoring

 

The GNSS Real Time Monitoring service is dedicated to PRO users only.

This service allows users to view on the map an indication of any malfunction status of the GNSS signal.
The service can be accessed by right-clicking on the map: if the GNSS signal is corrupted (e.g. due to problems on a GNSS satellite / interference due to significant ionospheric phenomena) an Alert (red traffic light) or a Warning (yellow traffic light) relating to the signal status in the selected map region 

In both Alert and Warning conditions, flight with navigation based exclusively on GNSS is strongly discouraged, as the signal performance is not as reliable as nominal performance.

The signal status is relative to reference conditions with respect to the ground. The service does not take into account the morphology of the terrain, or the actual condition of the drone - in other words, the GNSS signal could work in a nominal way (ie on the map there are no alarms) but if the user is inside a gorge or in the shadow of an obstacle, however the GNSS communication could be impaired and the flight affected. It is therefore recommended to also pay attention to the information available on the GCS.

Finally, in the event of an alarm, by clicking on the detail expansion arrow it is possible to consult the following values ​​on the GNSS signal:

- Minimum HDOP: index of the quality of the satellite arrangement in the horizontal reference condition
- Minimum VDOP: index of the quality of the satellite arrangement in the vertical reference condition
- Minimum elevation: the minimum elevation in degrees between the satellites visible in the reference condition (useful for evaluating the width of the local horizon, or the degree of visibility of the drone)
- Hor error: the estimate of the error in meters in the horizontal reference condition
- Error Up: the estimate of the error in meters in the vertical reference condition
- HPL: maximum horizontal error in meters estimated by EGNOS in the reference condition
- VPL: maximum vertical error in meters estimated by EGNOS in the reference condition

Detailed instructions on the service are given in the User Manual.

 

13. New Management of Operator States and Declarations

 

The new management of statuses of Operators and Declarations provides for the identification of new statuses of both the Operator and Declarations.

In detail, the statuses of a SAPR Operator will be:

  • ACTIVE

  • SUPENDED

  • REVOKED

  • DELETED

The statuses of the Declarations will be:

  • ACTIVE

  • SUPENDED

  • REVOKED

  • DELETED

Status transitions can occur in two ways:

  1. Manual status transitions: they occur downstream of operations that the operator performs in the D-Flight system.

  2. Automatic status transitions: they occur automatically based on the occurrence of other events.

It is specified that certain status transitions may arise from actions performed by the Operator and other transitions may arise in the face of actions performed by Authority (eg: Enac users) on the D-Flight system (eg: Temporary Suspension and / or Revocation actions indefinite of an Operator, established by the Authority, in the face of certain violations / infractions and with a request to follow certain prescriptions indicated by the Authority, to resolve the operating block due to temporary suspension or indefinite revocation).

The statuses of the Operator and his Declarations will always be visible and available on the various graphic interfaces of the system.

Compared to the current status management, the main changes are the following:

  • Once the mandatory legal consents for accreditation as an Operator have been given, it will no longer be possible to remove the legal consents. If you want to remove the operator consents required by law, the only operation that can be carried out is the "Operator Cancellation", which will result in the lack of opportunity to exercise the role of SAPR Operator.

  • If an operator is in the CANCEL status, he can reactivate himself as an operator at any time. It will be necessary to confirm or modify the data already present in the system and explicitly give back the mandatory legal consents.

  • By decision and as a consequence of actions carried out on the system by the Authority (eg: Enac users), an Operator may automatically transit into a suspended or revoked or canceled status, with motivation specified by the Authority user at the time of execution of Suspension, Revocation or Cancellation.

  • It will be the responsibility of the Authority to justify the choice of a revocation / suspension / cancellation of a user, indicating by email the prescriptions expected by the Authority, without the carrying out of which, the Operator will not be able to obtain the release of the operating status, both in case of temporary block (ie: Suspension) and in the event of indefinite block (ie: Revocation).

  • Declarations' statuses always reflect the statuses of the operator who created them.
    So every time an operator changes status, all the declarations associated with it will also change status in a manner consistent with the operator.
    This is always true, except in one case. In fact, when the operator in the CANCELED state requests re-accreditation as an operator, he transits into the ACTIVE status, but his statements will remain in the CANCELED status. You will need to create new declarations.

  • An operator in a status other than ACTIVE will not be able to carry out operational actions with their drones.

From the day of introduction of the new status management described here, all the statuses of operators and declarations already present in the system will be automatically updated based on the logic of the new statuses described here.

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